GENDER AND ACCESS TO SELECTED PRODUCTIVE RESOURCES: A STUDY OF ARABLE CROP FARMERS IN IKOM LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA.
Farm resources are crucial to output, food security, household income and national economic development. This paper examined accessibility of farm resources by gender in Ikom Local Government Area of Cross River State. Primary data were used to answer 4 research questions and test one null hypothesis that “gender does not influence access to farm resources”. Results show that both men (80%) and women (70%) accessed just enough (0.5 to 1 ha) farmland needed for the season; majority (73%) of the men had access to enough family labour; majority (67%) of the women do not have control over family labour and could not access up to 100 man hour per season; 93% of the women had access to less than N100,000 for the season. Findings from the probit regression analysis shows that sex, formal education and household size do not influence access to farm resources and the hypothesis that gender influenced access to resources was, therefore, dropped. It was recommended that traditional leaders and governments allocate communal farm land equitably to men and women to encourage the attitude of savings and farmland used as collateral for credit. Boosting women’s control of farm resources is key to improving equality, and improving socio-economic and political power of women.
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